Morpholine News Balanced Foaming and Gel Reaction of Pentamethyldiethylenetriamine

Balanced Foaming and Gel Reaction of Pentamethyldiethylenetriamine

Balanced Foaming and Gel Reaction of Pentamethyldiethylenetriamine

Pentamethyldiethylenetriamine (PMDETA), as an efficient catalyst, plays a key role in the manufacturing process of polyurethane foam . In the synthesis of polyurethane foam, balancing the foaming reaction and the gelation reaction is a key step to ensure product performance and quality. PMDETA achieves uniform foaming and ideal physical properties of the foam by precisely regulating the rates of these two reactions. The role of PMDETA in these two processes will be discussed in detail below.

Basic principles of foaming reaction and gel reaction

The synthesis of polyurethane foam usually involves the reaction of polyols and polyisocyanates, a process that includes both foaming and gelling reactions. The foaming reaction means that polyol and water generate carbon dioxide gas under the action of a catalyst to form a foam structure; while the gel reaction means that polyol and polyisocyanate react directly to form a polyurethane network structure. If the foaming reaction is too fast, the foam structure will be uneven, while if the gel reaction is too fast, the foaming process may be restricted, resulting in uneven foam densities.

Catalytic effect of PMDETA

1. Equilibrium reaction rate

PMDETA, as a catalyst, can effectively balance the rates of foaming reaction and gelation reaction. It accelerates the gel reaction to prevent foam collapse caused by too fast foaming process, and also ensures that the foaming reaction proceeds fully to generate a uniform foam structure. This balancing effect is achieved through PMDETA’s selective catalysis of different reaction pathways.

2. Controlling reaction kinetics

PMDETA interacts with reactants through multiple active sites in its structure, reducing the reaction activation energy and thereby accelerating the reaction rate. It has a stronger promotion effect on the gel reaction, but it can also effectively participate in the foaming reaction, ensuring that the two proceed within an appropriate time scale to avoid either party being too dominant and affecting the foam quality.

PMDETA addition strategy

In actual production, the amount and timing of adding PMDETA need to be carefully calculated. Excessive PMDETA may cause the gel to react too quickly, affecting the openness and air permeability of the foam; while insufficient addition may cause the foaming reaction to be uncontrolled, resulting in a loose foam structure or uneven density. Therefore, it is crucial to adjust the dosage of PMDETA according to specific formula and process requirements.

The effect of PMDETA on foam properties

Through the catalytic effect of PMDETA, polyurethane foam with the following characteristics can be obtained:

  • Uniform cell structure: The balanced foaming and gel reaction ensures the uniform distribution of cells inside the foam, improving the elasticity and durability of the foam.
  • Good dimensional stability: Reasonable reaction rate control helps minimize the volume change of the foam during the curing process, ensuring the accuracy of the finished product’s dimensions.
  • Optimized thermal insulation performance: Uniform cell structure and appropriate density help improve the thermal insulation ability of foam, making it widely used in building insulation, refrigeration equipment and other fields.


Pentamethyldiethylenetriamine (PMDETA), as a key catalyst in the synthesis of polyurethane foam, precisely controls the foaming reaction and gelation The balance of the reaction has a decisive influence on the foam formation process and product quality. Through an in-depth understanding and rational application of PMDETA’s catalytic effect, the production efficiency and product performance of polyurethane foam can be significantly improved to meet the demand for high-quality foam materials in different industrial fields.

Extended reading:

CAS:2212-32-0 – Manufacturer of N,N-Dicyclohexylmethylamine and N,N-Dimethylcyclohexylamine – Shanghai Ohans Co., LTD

N,N-Dicyclohexylmethylamine – Manufacturer of N,N-Dicyclohexylmethylamine and N,N-Dimethylcyclohexylamine – Shanghai Ohans Co ., LTD

bismuth neodecanoate/CAS 251-964-6 – Amine Catalysts (

stannous neodecanoate catalysts – Amine Catalysts (

polyurethane tertiary amine catalyst/Dabco 2039 catalyst – Amine Catalysts (

DMCHA – morpholine

N-Methylmorpholine – morpholine

Polycat 41 catalyst CAS10294-43-5 Evonik Germany – BDMAEE

Polycat DBU catalyst CAS6674-22-2 Evonik Germany – BDMAEE

This article is from the internet and does not represent Morpholine position. Please indicate the source when reprinting.


Previous article
Next article
Contact Us

Contact us

+86 - 183 0190 3151

Online consultation: QQ交谈


Working hours: Monday to Friday, 9:00-17:30, closed on holidays
Follow wechat
Scan wechat and follow us

Scan wechat and follow us

Follow Weibo
Back to top