Morpholine News Synthesis and preparation method of stannous octoate

Synthesis and preparation method of stannous octoate

Synthesis and preparation method of stannous octoate

Stannous Octoate, as a member of organometallic compounds, is used in plastics, rubber, coatings, inks and personal care products It has attracted much attention for its wide range of applications in other industries. Its main functions include catalyst, stabilizer and antibacterial agent. This article aims to provide an overview of several common synthesis and preparation methods of stannous octoate, including traditional chemical synthesis routes and emerging electrochemical synthesis technologies.

Chemical synthesis path

Acid anhydride method

The acid anhydride method is one of the direct and commonly used synthetic routes. This method usually involves reacting a stannous salt (such as stannous chloride or stannous oxide SnO) with isooctanoic anhydride (2-Ethylhexanoic Anhydride) under appropriate solvents and conditions. During the reaction, a metathesis reaction occurs between the stannous salt and the acid anhydride to generate stannous octoate and the corresponding hydrogen halide or water. For example, stannous oxide and isooctanoic acid anhydride react under heating conditions, and then unreacted stannous oxide is removed by filtration, and residual water and unreacted isooctanoic acid are removed by distillation to obtain pure stannous octoate.

Metathesis method

Another synthetic route is the metathesis method, in which stannous salts are reacted with sodium (or potassium) isooctanoate in organic solvents to generate stannous octoate and inorganic salts. The key to this method is to ensure that the pH value and reaction conditions of the reaction system are appropriate to promote the formation of stannous octoate and inhibit the occurrence of side reactions.

Aldehyde disproportionation method

Although less common, aldehyde disproportionation is also a possible synthesis route. In this method, stannous salt reacts with isooctyl aldehyde under specific conditions to generate stannous octoate through the self-disproportionation reaction of the aldehyde. However, due to the complexity and low selectivity of the aldehyde disproportionation reaction, this method is not common in actual production.

Electrochemical synthesis technology

In recent years, electrochemical methods have received more and more attention due to their unique advantages. The electrochemical synthesis of stannous octoate is usually carried out in an electrolytic cell, using current to pass through the anode and cathode, so that the stannous salt is reduced to stannous octoate at the cathode. The advantages of this method include stable production process control, simple operation, low cost of large-scale production, and good product quality. Despite this, the industrial application of electrochemical preparation of stannous octoate has not been widely reported, and its research is still in the development stage.

Lab preparation examples

A typical method for preparing stannous octoate under laboratory conditions is to use stannous oxide and isooctanoic acid. The specific steps are as follows:

  1. In a three-necked flask equipped with mechanical stirring, a thermometer and a reflux condenser, add isooctanoic acid and stannous oxide.
  2. Under nitrogen protection, heat the mixture to about 140°C, and the reaction lasts for about 90 minutes.
  3. After the reaction is completed, filter to remove unreacted stannous oxide.
  4. Remove water and unreacted isooctanoic acid through vacuum distillation to obtain pure stannous octoate.


There are various synthesis and preparation methods of stannous octoate, ranging from traditional chemical synthesis pathways to emerging electrochemical technologies, each method has its own characteristics and limitations. Selecting an appropriate synthetic route requires consideration of factors such as target yield, cost-effectiveness, reaction conditions, and product purity. With the advancement of science and technology, new synthesis technologies and methods are expected to further optimize the production process of stannous octoate and improve its economic efficiency and environmental friendliness.

Extended reading:

Niax A-1Niax A-99

BDMAEE Manufacture

Toyocat NP catalyst Tosoh

Toyocat MR Gel balanced catalyst tetramethylhexamethylenediamine Tosoh





DABCO MP608/Delayed equilibrium catalyst


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